Pandemics in human history always often result in untold and sometimes unparalleled issues that would need great thinkers to offer options. Researchers are positive opportunists who also do not relent in their efforts in continually investigating the ‘what’, ‘when’, ‘who’, and ‘how’ of every situation just to bring relief to mankind. In the current outbreak, researchers in the different disciplines must think of how to provide a new lens of understanding towards the outbreak and more importantly offer immediate solutions to its associated challenges that threaten human structures for success.
Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 global pandemic, scholars in the field of Health and Allied Sciences have started investigating the particular etiology, epidemiology, pathophysiology, histopathology, medical evaluation/treatment/management and diagnosis of the COVID-19. A survey of the scholarly functions in this field shows great efforts of Asian researchers, especially from China, where the outbreak began. These hardworking researchers never relented within their efforts in investigating medically, exactly what should be done to fight the virus. These remarkable researchers kept on pursuing this path even under perilous working conditions that resulted in the loss of a few. They have truly demonstrated and proven what researchers must do all the time within constantly searching for solutions to alleviate the pain of their fellow humans even in moments of pandemic. However , more needs to be done by their colleagues in other countries. There exists a need for medical scientists to investigate the particular genome sequence of the novel coronavirus in different regions of the world. Interestingly, some other scholars in the field of medicine are busily investigating this phenomenon to inform knowledgeably on the coronavirus, suggesting preventive measures and more importantly, finding medical cure and vaccine to fully combat it. For instance, while medical scientists search through the particular lens of orthodox medicine, herbal practitioners are experimenting on means of using herbal extracts in making medicine that can boost the immune system and/or provide a strong immune buffer in order to fight the coronavirus. These attempts are commendable. More work needs to be done in searching for more efficient means of conducting tests on COVID-19 patients, executing contact tracing, and precautionary/preventive steps for the coronavirus.
Researchers in the field of Anatomist, particularly Computer and Mechanical Executive are devising technologies to help within mitigating the spread of the COVID-19. Digital technologies such as drones plus robocops have been designed and utilized in some countries, to sum up, manual observance of lockdowns. Likewise, mobile technologies such as the development of new apps to get contact tracing of patients from the COVID-19 as well as those who have had contact with them are being designed. For instance, MIT researchers are developing a system based on artificial intelligence to complement the regular contact tracing carried out by open public health personnel that relies on short-range Bluetooth signals from smartphones. In South Africa, ambulances endowed with automatic test kits and laboratory solutions designed as a result of diligent efforts within research are being used in testing plus tracking persons with the COVID-19 even in remote, hard-to-reach areas. In Ghana, the Ministry of Health lately launched the COVID-19 app to get tracing people infected or who may have had contact with carriers of the COVID-19 virus. These technologies developed due to rigorous studies by some mechanical engineers as well as computer hardware and software program engineers are being deployed to aid in the fight against the COVID-19. More technical tools to fight the coronavirus are still required and dedicated scientists in the field of engineering are constantly on the table investigating these potentials.
Researchers in agriculture has a great research task in stock for them. The lockdown has resulted in a high record associated with postharvest losses in countries. What are the efficient ways of mitigating post-harvest loss during periods of pandemic plus lockdowns? How can farmers use internet marketing strategies and platforms to connect in order to clients to patronize their products to prevent them from incurring high financial losses? What can the ministry of food and agriculture do to assist these types of poor farmers in managing the crisis of lockdowns? What are a few of the efficient ways the perishable farm produce could be processed into non-perishable products by food manufacturing companies? These are excellent themes that merit investigation by agriculturalists during this pandemic outbreak. Sadly, studies in these areas are yet to be undertaken.
The tourism and hospitality management sector have already been hit greatly due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Many scheduled tours and travel activities have been canceled due to travel bans and lockdowns. It is estimated that the particular tourism sector globally will lose higher revenue up to the value of close to two billion dollars. This is the time researchers within tourism and hospitality management may consider virtual means of marketing these tourism sites through intensified analysis into smart tourism and e-tourism. This growing field in travel and leisure has not been given much attention, specially in developing countries. This pandemic period should be the time that researchers within this field would find ways of boosting public awareness of smart tourism and e-tourism.
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Scholars in the Social Sciences and Humanities such as sociologists, anthropologists and culturists have the task within investigating the sociological impacts from the COVID-19 outbreak such as ways of coping with social anxiety as a result of the outbreak. Also, an assessment of the financial impacts of the COVID-19 on business activities, the need to embark on e-business, e-marketing, e-banking and other electronic forms of executing business activities are important topics that needs to be explored. Social and Cultural anthropologists should look into the cultural and public perceptions of the different people across the parts of the world about the coronavirus and suggest the application of culturally relevant interventions to combat the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Likewise, psychologists and psychiatrists must suggest ways of dealing with post-traumatic disorders from quarantining, as well as stigmatization and discrimination against COVID-19 individuals and their relatives.